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 圣帕布帕德关于读书的训示之一  
 作者:萨特斯瓦茹帕·哥斯瓦米    教导来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2012-4-13  【
 

圣帕布帕德关于读书的训示之一

圣帕布帕德早期关于读书并记住奎师那简单训示

萨特斯瓦茹帕·哥斯瓦米

 

1.请有规律地唱诵哈瑞奎师那并阅读《圣典博伽瓦谭》很快你也会得到其它的书,像《博伽梵歌原意》,《主坦亚的教导》总是在你们之间阅读和谈论有关奎师那永远记住这一生只是一瞬间。我们必须在奎师那意识中寻求我们的永恒生活并在奎师那的联谊中被转入灵性世界。继续保持你现在的心态而你必定会甚至在此生成功地达到奎师那意识的完美。

(给达亚南达的信,196877)

 

评注

在这封早期的信件中圣帕布帕德表明每天阅读他的书对于达到奎师那意识的完美和唱诵哈瑞奎师那同样根本,许诺如果奉献者保持他们阅读关于奎师那的书的望的话,那么他们将在此生结束时回到灵性世界。圣帕布帕德在他的书的基础上建立了奎师那意识运动,而这些书形成了奎师那意识运动中其它一切活动的基础。

在奉爱的甘露中,圣帕布帕德表明灵性导师最重要的活动是传授教导关于这一点,圣帕布帕德写道,圣巴克提希丹塔·萨如阿斯瓦提·哥斯瓦米玛哈茹阿佳建议一位灵性导师印书。如果一个人有钱,他应该把他的钱花在用不同的语言出版权威书籍上以传播奎师那意识运动而非花在修建造价高昂的庙宇上。

随着圣帕布帕德的书被印出来,他反复强调他出版书的目的:创造并维系奉献者。圣帕布帕德希望奉献者们通过读他的书而在灵性上变得强健并出去派发那些书从而增加奉献者家庭的成员。圣帕布帕德希望他的书这样在全世界引发灵性革命。

他向任何实践者保证他们会成功。这本书中呈现的教导与主没有区别,圣帕布帕德在坦亚的教导的前言中写道。他在奎师那的前言中写了类似的话。

因此我们请求每个人利用这伟大的超然文献。一个人会发现通过一页接一页地阅读,一个在艺术科学文学哲学和宗教等方面的巨大知识宝库会被展现出来通过读《奎师那》这一本书,最终对神的爱会开花结果。

 

2你们总是可以自由地向我询问《圣典博伽瓦谭》和《博伽梵歌原意》中的一切这样的问题我那么高兴得知你们在那么认真地读所有这些书。那就是我们的事务——我们要吟诵吟唱哈瑞奎师那或阅读《圣典博伽瓦谭》或在庙里与奉献者联谊,因此那不断地记忆奎师那的程序会持续地进行下去,而我们就绝不会忘记他,甚至一刻都不会忘记他。

先前伟大的贵族国王和富有的人常常雇佣一位有资格的婆罗门来抄写《圣典博伽瓦谭》然后把它装在金匣子里送给一位合适的人,尤其是婆罗门。那是布施的方法。那是伟大的布施活动。在印度仍然有很多富有的人雇用博学的婆罗门来抄写《圣典博伽瓦谭》并以上面的方式布施给一个有资格的人。

(给禅卓瓦利的信,19681016)

 

评注

这里,如前一封信中所说的,阅读《圣典博伽瓦谭》与吟诵吟唱哈瑞奎师那连在一起作为常规程序奉献者通过这个程序就可以不间断地记忆奎师那。虽然圣帕布帕德在这封信中鼓励有关于哲学的问题的奉献者向他询问,但是他在后来几年的信件里会教导奉献者转向他的书去寻找他们问题的答案。如果你们想了解我,帕布帕德会说,读我写的书。但即使在早些年里,帕布帕德也鼓励认真阅读他的书。今天,帕布帕德的书为有问题的奉献者提供了终极的资源。通过遵循帕布帕德推荐的每天读他的书的程序,奉献者就能不间断地记忆奎师那。

派发《圣典博伽瓦谭》的吉祥习俗让给予者和接受者都受益。虽然把《圣典博伽瓦谭》的手抄本布施给有资格的人是过去的事情,但是基于圣帕布帕德的愿望这习俗的一种形式今天仍在继续那愿望就是每个人都收到一整套他的书。今天只花几百美元就能买到可观的一套圣帕布帕德的书已经成为可能。

《奉爱的甘露》101页引用《斯刊达往世书》中的文字来描述了阅读或只是在一个人的家里保藏奎师那意识的书籍的利益:

一个不断地阅读阐述培养外士那瓦奉爱服务的文献的人在人类社会中总是光荣的主奎师那必定被他所取悦。一个在家里非常小心地保藏这样的文献并向其致以恭敬的顶拜之人变得免于一切恶报并最终变得值得半神人崇拜。

陈述和韦达文献中的类似陈述有助于我们欣赏我们现在那么容易得到的机会。然而,我们不应该像那有家之人一样只是在书架上保藏有声望的书却既找不到时间也找不到愿望阅读它们。

 

原文:

1."Please regularly chant Hare Kåñëa and read Çrémad-Bhägavatam, and very soon you will get other books also, like Bhagavad-gétä As It Is, Teachings of Lord Caitanya, and always read and talk about Kåñëa between yourselves, and always remember that this life is but a flash only. We have to seek after our eternal life in Kåñëa consciousness and be transferred to the spiritual world in the association of Kåñëa. Continue to keep your present attitude and certainly even within this life, you will be successful in attaining perfection of Kåñëa consciousness."

(Letter to Dayänanda, July 7, 1968)

COMMENTARY

In this early letter Çréla Prabhupäda indicates that reading his books daily is as basic to attaining the perfection of Kåñëa consciousness as chanting Hare Kåñëa, and he promises that if the devotees maintain their desire to read about Kåñëa, then they will return to the spiritual world at the end of their life. Prabhupäda established the Kåñëa consciousness movement on the foundation of his books, and these books form the basis for all other activities in the Kåñëa consciousness movement.

In The Nectar of Devotion, Prabhupäda states that the foremost activity of the spiritual master is to preach. "In this connection," Prabhupäda writes, "Çréla Bhaktisiddhänta Sarasvaté Gosvämé Mahäräja recommended that a spiritual master print books. If one has money, instead of constructing costly temples, one should spend his money for the publication of authorized books in different languages for propagating the Kåñëa consciousness movement. "

As his books appeared in print, Prabhupäda would repeatedly stress his purpose in publishing: to create and maintain devotees. Prabhupäda desired that the devotees become spiritually strong by reading his books, and that they go out and distribute those books and thus increase the family of devotees. Prabhupäda desired that his books thus create a spiritual revolution throughout the world.

And he assured success to whoever took up the practice. "The teachings presented in this book are nondifferent from the Lord," Prabhupäda writes in the preface to Teachings of Lord Caitanya. And he wrote similarly in the preface to Kåñëa.

We therefore ask everyone to take advantage of this great transcendental literature. One will find that by reading one page after another, an immense treasure of knowledge in art, science, literature, philosophy and religion will be revealed, and ultimately by reading this one book, Kåñëa, love of God will fructify.

 

2. "You are always at liberty to inquire from me about all such questions in the Çrémad-Bhägavatam, Bhagavad-gétä, and I am so glad that you are reading all these books so carefully. That is our businesswe shall chant Hare Kåñëa or read Çrémad-Bhägavatam or associate with devotees in the temple, so that program shall go on continually for constantly remembering Kåñëa, and we shall never forget Him, even for a moment.

... Formerly great aristocratic families, kings, and rich men, they used to engage a qualified brähmaëa to copy Çrémad-Bhägavatam in handwriting and then present it to a suitable person, especially brähmaëas, in a gold casket. That was the system.... That was a great work of charity... Still there are many rich men in India who have engaged learned  brähmaëas to copy Çrémad-Bhägavatam in handwriting, and they gave in charity, to a qualified person, in the above way.

(Letter to Candrävalé, October 16, 1968)

 

COMMENTARY

Here, as in the previous letter, the reading of Çrémad-Bhägavatam is linked with the chanting of Hare Kåñëa as a regular program by which the devotees may constantly remember Kåñëa. Although in this letter Çréla Prabhupäda encourages the devotees to inquire from him if they have questions about the philosophy, in letters of later years he would instruct the devotees to turn to his books for answers to their questions. "If you want to know me," Prabhupäda would say, "read my books." But even in the early years, Prabhupäda encouraged the careful reading of his books. Today, Prabhupäda's books provide the ultimate recourse for devotees with questions. By following Prabhupäda's recommended program of reading his books daily, devotees are able to remember Kåñëa constantly.

The auspicious practice of distributing the Çrémad-Bhägavatam benefits both the giver and the receiver. Although giving handwritten copies of the Bhägavatam to qualified persons as charity is a thing of the past, a form of this practice continues today, based on Prabhupäda's desire that everyone receive a full set of his books. And today it is possible to purchase a handsome set of Çréla Prabhupäda's books for only a few hundred dollars.

The great benefit of reading or simply keeping Kåñëa conscious books in one's home is described in The Nectar of Devotion, page 101, quoting the Skända Puräëa:

A person who is constantly engaged in reading literature enunciating the cultivation of Vaiñëava devotional service is always glorious in human society, and certainly Lord Kåñëa becomes pleased with him. A person who very carefully keeps such literature at home and offers respectful obeisances to it becomes freed from all sinful reactions and ultimately becomes worshipable by the demigods.

This and similar statements from the Vedic literature help us to appreciate the opportunity that is now so readily available to us. We should not, however, be like the homeowner who simply keeps prestigious book collections on his shelves but finds neither the time nor the desire to read them.

 

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