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 圣帕布帕德关于读书的训示之二  
 作者:萨特斯瓦茹帕·哥斯瓦米    教导来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2012-4-25  【
 

圣帕布帕德关于读书的训示之二

圣帕布帕德早期关于每天读一章《博伽梵歌》

并成为教师的训示

 

萨特斯瓦茹帕·哥斯瓦米

 

1 研习《圣典博伽瓦谭》和《博伽梵歌原意》并继续帮助你的神兄弟培养奎师那意识。以此方式发展你的传授教导,而这会是最为成功和令人欣赏的努力。

当你非常认真地研习你能得到的全部文献,尤其是《博伽梵歌原意》时,你将掌握可能摆到你面前的一切问题的答案。请鼓励别人读这《博伽梵歌》每天至少一章。

(致乌彭铎的信,196916)

 

评注

在这封信中,圣帕布帕德建议奉献者每天读一章《博伽梵歌》。尽管圣帕布帕德不一定需要奉献者们做这件事,但灵性导师的建议是非常有价值的,而那些采纳此建议的奉献者会取得成功。最终每个奉献者都得帮助他自己。我们每个人都必须肩负起在灵性生活中保持强健的个人责任。但通过研习圣帕布帕德的书和鼓励我们的奉献者同伴做同样的事,我们就能帮助到我们自己。而只有通过保持强健我们才能传授教导。使我们在服务中保持热情的灵性力量和向非奉献者传授教导的力量都基于阅读圣帕布帕德的书。在全部圣帕布帕德的书中,《博伽梵歌原意》尤其适合在传授教导领域中遇到挑战时。

 

2你们都应当非常认真地阅读《圣典博伽瓦谭》和《博伽梵歌》而且应当能够回答一切问题。只有在罕有的情况下接近我(寻求答案) 。但为了成为教师,我们的学生必须能回答一切问题。这是很重要的。

(致阿尼如达的信,19681114)

 

我很高兴你倾向如此严肃地阅读和研习我们的书。非常感谢你。我们也需要好的教师传授教导不应该只靠我。我的门徒都应当成为好的教师。那依靠很好地研习书本。那样你们就能得出正确的结论。

(致慧达亚南达的信,197175)

 

评注

传授教导依靠回答一切问题的能力,无论那些问题多么复杂和难以解释。尽管圣帕布帕德乐此不疲地回答他的任何门徒的问题,他在这两封信里表明关于奎师那意识的一切问题的答案可以通过带着深入思考的阅读来找到。

在当前的年代里,我们不可能记住我们读过的一切。一个奉献者把他听过仅仅一次或最多三次的事情一辈子记住的舒提达茹阿岁月已经逝去了。但是当我们讲话时,我们不应该不得不依赖圣帕布帕德的书的索引以求信息,我们也不应该在别人在问我们问题的任何时候都不得不向圣帕布帕德的书伸手。圣帕布帕德曾经模仿一个人的学问。那个人说,我本人不知道答案,但我会找到相关的书。我们自己的关于哲学的解释可能不如在圣帕布帕德的书中找到的解释完美,并且我们应当把别人引向那些书。但当我们直接向奉献者和非奉献者传授教导时,没有什么可以替代通过有规律的阅读得来的觉悟了的知识。而且即使在这个年代里我们的记忆力很差,我们还是可以继续用新的方法来阅读和欣赏那些书。阅读全部那些书一次或甚至三次是不够的。我们永远不应该感到自满或认为我们知道那一切了。而当一个人不是一个舒提达茹阿时每天的阅读便尤其重要了。

 

3你应该在任何可能的时候努力完成你的16圈。由于你是那里的一个重要的工人而你有那么多重要的职责,尤其是照顾奶牛,你为了念诵16圈而停止工作也许不可能。但是你应当尽可能努力达成每天16圈的目标。你不应当偏离这个目标太多。那不会是什么好事。同样的,你必须每天阅读《博伽梵歌》至少几个诗节并整天思考它们。最好是每天读一章,但如果你能每天冥想《博伽梵歌》的几个诗节,那比只是阅读一个小时然后在下一次阅读前忘记那些主题更好。

(致帕茹阿玛南达的信,1969729)

 

评注

圣帕布帕德在这封信中给了适合那个最忙的工人的阅读方案。尽管帕茹阿玛南达没有足够的时间一气念完他的16圈,圣帕布帕德仍然要求他每天读《博伽梵歌》至少几个诗节。这封信表明每天的阅读和每天的念诵同样重要而且繁忙的日程安排不是借口。

 

原文:

1. "Study Bhagavad-gétä As It Is and Çrémad-Bhägavatam and continue to help your Godbrothers in developing Kåñëa consciousness. Develop your preaching in this way, and this will be the most successful and appreciated endeavor.

"When you study very carefully all of the literatures which are available, especially Bhagavad-gétä As It Is, you will have in your grasp answers to all questions that may be put to you. Please encourage the others to read this Bhagavad-gétä at least one chapter every day."

(Letter to Upendra, January 6, 1969)

 

COMMENTARY

In this letter, Prabhupäda advises the devotees to read one chapter of Bhagavad-gétä daily. Although Prabhupäda does not absolutely require that the devotees do this, a suggestion from the spiritual master is very valuable, and those devotees who take up this advice will be successful. Ultimately, each devotee has to help himself. We must each shoulder the personal responsibility of remaining strong in spiritual life. But by studying Prabhupäda's books and by encouraging our fellow devotees to do the same, we can all help ourselves. And it is only by remaining strong that we can preach. The spiritual strength to remain enthusiastic in our service and the strength to preach to the nondevotees are both based on reading Srila Prabhupäda's books. And of all of Çréla Prabhupäda's books, Bhagavad-gétä As It Is is especially well suited for meeting challenges while on the preaching field.

 

2. "You should all read very carefully Çrémad-Bhägavatam and Bhagavad-gétä and should be able to answer all questions ... and only in rare cases approach me [for the answers]. But it is important that our students must be able to answer all questions for becoming preachers."

(Letter to Aniruddha, November 14, 1968)

 

"I am very pleased that you are inclined to read and study our books with such seriousness. Thank you very much. We want good preachers also. Preaching shouldn't depend on me only. My disciples should all become good preachers, and that depends on studying the books nicely so that you can arrive at the right conclusion."

(Letter to Hådayänanda, July 5, 1971)

 

COMMENTARY

Preaching depends on the ability to answer all questions, regardless of how intricate or complex those questions may be. Although tirelessly willing to answer any of his disciples' questions, Çréla Prabhupäda indicates in these two letters that the answers to all questions about Kåñëa consciousness may be found by a thoughtful reading of his books.

In the present age, it is not possible to remember everything that we read. Gone are the days of çrutidhara, in which a devotee could remember for his entire lifetime what he had heard only once or at most three times. But when we speak, we should not have to rely upon the indexes of Prabhupäda's books for information, nor should we have to reach for a book whenever we are asked a question. Prabhupäda once mocked the learning of a person who says, "I do not know the answer personally, but I will get the book." Our own explanations of the philosophy may not be as perfect as the explanations found in Prabhupäda's books, and we should direct others to the books. But when directly preaching to either devotees or nondevotees, there is no substitute for realized knowledge acquired by regularly reading. And even if we do have poor memories in this age, we may nevertheless go on reading and appreciating the books in new ways. Reading all of the books once or even three times is not enough. We should never be satiated or think we know it all. And daily reading is especially important when one is not a çrutidhara.

 

3. "You should make effort to finish your sixteen rounds whenever possible. As you are an important worker there and you have so many important duties, especially to take care of the cows, it may not be possible for you to stop your work for chanting sixteen rounds. But as much as possible you should try to fulfill the goal of sixteen rounds daily. You should not fall too much short of this goal. That will not be good. Similarly, you must read Bhagavad-gétä at least a few verses every day and think about them throughout the day. The best thing is to read one chapter daily, but if you can meditate upon a few verses of Bhagavad-gétä every day, that is better than reading for simply one hour and then forgetting the topics until the next reading.

(Letter to Paramänanda, July 29, 1969)

 

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